Installation Guides

Installation & Maintenance

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Preparation: Vinyl On Tile Installation

Preparation: Vinyl On Cement Installation

Installation Guide - Wanabiwood

EchoWood Click Vinyl

Click LVT’s are designed to be a “floating” floor and should not be tightened to the subfloor with fasteners or adhesive. Roughness or unevenness of the subfloor may telegraph through the new floor, resulting in an unsightly surface and cause excessive wear on high spots.

All instructions and recommendations are based on the most recent information provided to us. These guidelines should be followed for an ideal installation:

  • EchoWood vinyl floors should be installed in indoor climate controlled locations between 18°C – 29° It should never be installed outdoors.
  • The stock should be left to acclimatize at least 48 hours prior to installation in the area where installation will take place.
  • Installation of the click vinyl should take place after the job site has been cleaned of debris which could damage a finished plank installation.
  • No underlay to be used under our Delux Click range.
  • Moisture lever to be 3% and below.
  • Mix and install planks from several different cartons to minimize shade variation.
  • Click vinyl should not be installed in areas exposed to direct sunlight.
  • Sun protective film or blinds should be used.
  • When using more than one carton for installation ensure that boxes from the same dye lot are used. Different lots may vary slightly in colour, texture or gloss.
  • Wait 5 days before properly cleaning the floor with a neutral PH cleaner.
  • For moisture barrier and underlay info please contact head office for assistance. Only to be used on SmartCore WPC

Installation – Plank Layout

  • All doorjambs should be undercut and cabinets cannot be installed on top of vinyl floors. Wall mouldings and transition strips should be installed at any exposed plank’s edges but should not be fastened through the plank.
  • First determine how you want the flooring to run. Typically with plank products, the flooring runs the length of the room. There may be exceptions as it is a matter of preference.
  • To avoid narrow plank widths or short plank lengths near the wall or doors, it is important to do some pre-planning. Using the width of the room, calculate how many full boards will fit into the area and how much space remains that will need to be covered by partial planks. Divide the remaining space by two to calculate the width of the partial planks. Do the same along the length.
  • Note that the first row of planks do not need to be trimmed in width, it will be necessary to cut off the unsupported tongue so that a clean, solid edge is towards the wall.
  • At least 8mm expansion gaps should be kept from the wall during installation. This will allow space for the natural expansion and contraction of the planks.
    The maximum room size suggested is limited to 9 linear meters with 8mm spacing around the perimeter.
  • For installations larger than 83.6m2 or runs longer than 9m; control joints must be installed with a minimum of 8mm gaps between the installed moulding.
  • The planks should be installed from left to right. From the top left corner of the room, put the first plank in place so that both the head and side seam grooves are exposed.
  • Install the second plank in the first row by angling the short side tongue into the short side groove of the first plank. Continue installing additional planks along the first row using the same angling method.
  • To start the second row, cut the plank that it is at least 15cm shorter than the first plank in the first row (you may use the left over from the last plank of the first row). Then install this plank first by inserting the long side tongue into the groove of the plank in the first row.
  • Install the second plank in the second in the second row by inserting the short side tongue into the previously installed first plank’s short side groove.
    Align the plank so the long side tongue tip is positioned just over the groove lip of the plank in the first row.
  • Using gentle force and at a 20 – 30 degree angle, push the long side tongue into the groove of the adjoining plank by sliding along the short side seam. You may need to lift the plank to the left of it slightly to allow for the “sliding” action.
  • The remaining planks can be installed in the room by using the same technique. Make sure the required expansion gaps are maintained against all fixed vertical parts (such as wall, doors, cabinets etc.). Expansion gaps not to be filled so that the floor can expand and contract freely
  • The planks can be cut easily with a utility knife, just score the top of the plank and snap the plank in two. 1mm Gap to between the skirting and the floor. Bank card to slide freely between the shirting and the floor.


  • In the unlike event that a click vinyl plank is damaged for whatever reason, the simplest method is to disconnect the planks carefully (protecting the tongue and groove edges) until the damaged plank can be removed. Then replace the damaged plank with a new one and reassemble the disconnected planks. This typically works for planks that are closest to the two long walls of a room.
  • For damaged planks that are note close to the perimeters, you may have to remove the damaged planks and insert new pieces without the long and short end grooves.
  • Using a sharp utility knife and straight edge cut out the center of the damaged plank by leaving approximately 2.5cm strip attached to the adjacent planks. Carefully cut back from the four corners of the plank to the inside edges in the space left by the cut out plank.
  • Remove the plank edges carefully from the adjacent planks making sure the tongues and grooves of the planks are not damaged.
  • Using a utility knife, remove the tongue strip on both the long and short ends of the replacement plank. In addition, remove the groove strip of the short end of the replacement plank.
  • Place some double- sided carpet tape along the three slides of the adjacent planks where the tongues and the groove of the replacement plank have been removed. Only the top side release paper of the carpet tape should be removed. The bottom side release paper should not be adhered to the subfloor.
  • Position the replacement plank by engaging the groove of the long side into the tongue of the adjoining plank and pushing down on the other three sides. The caret tape will hold the replacement plank in place with its adjacent planks. Use a hand roller to further secure the tape.

Maintenance considerations

  • Clean spills immediately. Lightly wash floor regularly with warm water and vinyl floor cleaner or a neutral PH cleaner.
  • Do not use soap based detergents or abrasive cleaners.
  • To avoid possible permanent indentation damage, proper floor protection pads must be used under furniture and appliances.
  • Exercise care when removing and replacing furniture or appliances.

These are general guidelines for proper procedures for installing and maintaining this flooring product.

Installation Guide - SmartCore WPC

The Subfloor

The subfloor must be permanently dry, even, sound and crack-free and then you many proceed. The hardness of the uppermost layer of the floor can be accessed with a hard, sharp object such as a large nail or chisel.Over a surface area of approx one-meter scratch horizontal and vertical lines approximately 1 cm apart. If the upper layer within the drawn 1cm2 chequered area does not fall apart, you can assume that the surface is hard enough.

Industrial floors are suitable for adhesive application, after special pretreatment( e.g. pre=impregnating or leaving).Follow the advice on this matter from the supplier of your adhesive and leveling facility supplier.


The Moisture Content of the Floor:

All floors other than liquid asphalt have maximum permissible moisture content expressed as a percentage by weight(the so-called domestic moisture content).

After installation, all sub-floors require a certain drying time before floor covering can be laid. The drying time depends on the thickness of the construction, atmospheric condition, heating and lighting system, etc. If the moisture content of the underlay structural floor is not within the permissible average domestic moisture content, then the applied, apparently dry top floor is not suitable for bonding hard floor covering. Do pay attention to this point!

Before processing, always measure the moisture content of the floor and ensure that the percentages are appropriate for the type of under floor involved. If in doubt, always consult an expert.

A reliable device for determining the moisture content is a CM-unit. The readings must be confirmed to the client in writing.

N.B. In heated floors, do not use any method for measuring the moisture content of the floor that requires holes to be made(e.g.the CM-unit).Holes could damage the heating system.Where underfloor heating is installed there are usually starting instructions or a so-called heating up protocol.By adhering to this, measurement of the moisture content becomes superfluous.

The permissible moisture content should be as follows:

Sand/Cement <2.5%

Anhydrite 0.3% to 0.5%

Magnesite <0.3%

Xylolite 8-12%

Cold bitumen <2%


Pre-treatment of the finishing floor

In principle, all types of finishing floor must be PRESMOOTHED AND LEVELLED. The slightest unevenness in the under-floor will show up if leveling is omitted. Consult you adhesive and leveling facility supplier if desired. Impregnating and leveling facilities must be used in line with the manufacturer’s instructions. They must be applied such that they bond to one another and permanently to the substrate, do not tear and are absolutely firm. The minimum leveling thickness for a rolling load is 2mm. sealed,non-absorbent substrates must be leveled using sufficiently thick dispersion adhesives, the minimum thickness being 2mm. after wiping off, cut off flow margins along the walls and intersections. The same also applies to any insulating material and pretective film still projecting.


Installation conditions

  • Minimum room temperature of 18oC.
  • Minimum under floor temperature of 15oC.
  • Maximum relative humidity of the air 70%.
  • Not only must the environment be at a minimum temperature of 18oC,but also the temperature of the floor covering and also the primer and adhesive.
  • When measuring the moisture content, determine whether the floor is of uniform thickness. Thicker layers require a longer drying time.
  • Ensure there are optimum drying conditions.
  • Apply the primer using a roller, not with a drawer.

Inspect the sub-floor

Always check that the floor is permanently dry, free of flaws, clean, resistant to pressure and stress and flat.



Ensure the floor covering is always stored on a flat floor. If not, this can cause problems later.


Checking the material to be proceed

Before leaving the factory, the floor covering undergoes careful inspection to ensure high quality standards. Even so,100% elimination of defects can not be guaranteed. Therefore, before processing, always check the material for visible defects. Complaints will be dealt with only before processing work has begun. Once work on the floor covering has started, the only complaints that we are prepared to consider are initially concealed defects.


Laying plan

For an optimum flat distribution and minimum loss from cutting, draw a line to match the pattern

on the planks/tiles of floor covering. We recommend you prepare a work drawing in advance showing how you intend to lay the planks/tiles in the room.

Tension of the floor covering and climatic conditions during installation

In order for the floor covering to become tension-free, the planks/tiles must be stored in the relevant room for at least 24 hours in order for them to equilibrate with the temperature and conditions in the room. The ideal processing temperature is 18oC and the atmospheric humidity should not exceed 70%. If these conditions are not met, this will have consequences for the processing. If the temperature is too low and/or the atmospheric humidity too high it becomes more difficult to fit the floor covering and the adhesive bonds very poorly.


Preventing color differences

Lay the room with material from the same batch only.


Apply the adhesive

Only high quality, solvent-free dispersion adhesives for pvc floor covering can be used, pls following the instructions by adhesive factories, like Uzin, F.Ball etc.

Recommended adhesives:

  • Pressure sensitive adhesive(PS)
  • Pressure sensitive adhesive is the best adhesive to use in normal working conditions for commercial installations.
  • It is applied with an A2 notched trowel and left to semi-cure to a dry tack, then laid into.
  • Products installed with pressure sensitive adhesive can receive traffic immediately after installation.
  • High temperature adhesive(HT)
  • High temperature adhesive is for use with under floor heating, conservatories, sunrooms and anywhere which is subject to constant direct sunlight.
  • This product has to be wet bonded and has an installation time or approximately 15min depending on atmospheric conditions.
  • The temperatures require being constantly between 18-26oC for 24 hours, before, during and after installation.

Installation Videos

Please follow the installation videos for our EchoWood Vinyl flooring & EchoDeck Composite decking product ranges.